- Cut Backs on Electricity Consumption Confirmed Through DR Verification Experiments Targeting 160 Households
Verification experiments into Demand Response (DR) were carried out on 160 households as part of Toyota city low-carbon society system verification experiment (Smart Melit (Smart Mobility & Energy Life in Toyota City)) project. The experiments were implemented for the fifth consecutive season since January 2013, and it was discovered that it is possible to cut back on the use of a certain amount of electricity with CPP (Critical Peak Pricing). Conversely, several other problems were revealed with regard to actual operations.
- "Mirai no Futsu" (Normal in the Future) Toyota Ecoful Town Hands-on Experience Facility now Completed
Toyota Ecoful Town represents a base for distributing information on ideal towns and lifestyles that can be easily experienced in low-carbon societies. All of the scheduled facilities, including an intersection confirmation system, smart houses designed for mesomountainous regions and an interactive plaza, etc., were completed in April 2014. In addition to encouraging the permeation of low-carbon societies into the everyday lives of citizens, these facilities will promote the development of new businesses by companies and organizations operating within the city.
- Verification Experiment into Communications Technology that Supports Smart Grids
The Smart Melit (Smart Mobility & Energy Life in Toyota City) low-carbon society system experimental project currently being carried out in Toyota City is moving ahead with a verification experiment concurrently with the Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications related to communications network technology, which represents an important part of the infrastructure, in preparation for KDDI's widespread expansion of a smart grid. The experiment is in the process of verifying the technology for duplicating network cables, and collecting and compressing data in order to circulate large volumes of electricity-related data between 48 facilities located within the city both inexpensively and securely.
|Name of city||Toyota City|
|Area||918km2(as of April 2012)|
|Population||422,830 (as of April 2012)|
|Locations for the operational experiments||The Higashiyama and Takahashi districts for trials of HEMS and EDMS, and Toyota City as a whole for trials of a low-carbon transport system|
|Area covered by the operational experiments||918km2(the entire area of Toyota City)|
|Number of households involved in the operational experiments||67 newly constructed residences and 160 existing residences|
|Number of workplaces involved in the operational experiments||Two commercial buildings, one distribution center, and Toyota Ecoful Town, constructed to showcase the city's efforts to build a low-carbon society.|
|Targets for introduction of PV generation, etc.||61.2% rate of renewable energy, 4,000 next-generation vehicles|
About the city
A regional urban center in the north of Aichi Prefecture, Toyota City is the prefecture's largest city in terms of area and boasts its second-largest population. Toyota City is an in-land industrial city situated on the middle stretches of the Yahagi River, and is known for being a "company castle town," the location of the headquarters of Toyota Motor Corporation. As a model city for the EV&PHV Town Concept and ITS operational experiments, Toyota City has commenced the introduction of next-generation vehicles and transport systems, and is working towards the realization of a low-carbon society.
Overview of the project
This project seeks to envision the home environment in ten years' time, when there will be introduction of renewable energy and more extensive use of various energy-saving and energy storage devices. The power transfer patterns of a variety of devices, including next-generation vehicles, will be integrated and controlled by HEMS, enabling users to enjoy a pleasant and convenient low-carbon lifestyle without waste and without effort. Advancing the introduction of next-generation mobility modalities, the building of public transport infrastructure, and the presentation of new forms of transport use in tandem, we are aiming to become the city with the world's highest level of harmony between cars and people. We will use a range of energy sources including city gas and biomass, and make full use of heat and electricity. We will offer a variety of incentives to encourage citizens to engage in their own carbon-reduction activities, at the same time as making energy use visible, providing support for action, and enabling control of energy use through familiar terminal devices, making it possible to select from an optimal menu of low-carbon activities for the entire living environment with a minimum of effort.
Focusing on the household sector (residences and transport), the project seeks to identify medium-term technological issues based on an image of the household in ten years' time, when, for example, photovoltaic (PV) generation will be widespread and grid parity will have been established. Without rushing to raising the social cost, we will develop low-carbon systems that present the overall optimum at the level of the community as a whole. In concrete terms, we will offer highly convenient and satisfying incentives (such as "eco points") for activities conducted by citizens that contribute to reducing carbon (saving energy, reducing the load on the power system, making effective use of green power, etc.) in order to study the change in citizens' behavior and the magnitude of its impact. In terms of effective incentive design, in addition to introducing various devices and systems to the city, we will establish a system in which citizens obtain data on personal energy consumption and behavior to enable us to reduce carbon at the same time as ensuring the satisfaction of our citizens.
Subjects of the operational experiments
Photovoltaic generation, biomass, heat energy, CEMS, HEMS, EV/PHV/FC buses, ITS